Experts worry that Trump is putting his staff, military personnel, and local and state officials at unnecessary risk.
For much of the last two months, Donald Trump has rarely left the grounds of the White House as he's dealt with the fallout of the coronavirus pandemic and sought to minimize his own exposure to the disease.
But that changes Tuesday when Trump is scheduled to travel to Arizona to visit a Honeywell facility that makes N95 masks in what the president suggests will mark the return to more regular travel.
The trip also means a small army of advisers, logistical experts, and security staff — a coterie of hundreds that includes personnel from the White House, Defense Department, Secret Service, and more — will resume regularly hitting the road again and taking a measure of risk to assist Trump.
Besides Tuesday's trip to Honeywell, Trump says he will travel soon to Ohio, to New York in June for the U.S. Military Academy graduation, and to South Dakota in July for a holiday fireworks display at Mount Rushmore. Trump says he's also eager to get back on the campaign trail, though he acknowledged during a Fox News forum Sunday that he might not be able to hold his signature big-stadium rallies until the final months before the Nov. 3 election.
"I've been at the White House now for many months, and I'd like to get out, as much as I love this. ... Most beautiful house in the world," Trump said in announcing his travel plans. Trump overlooked a March 28 trip to Norfolk, Virginia, to see a Navy hospital ship off to New York and a weekend stay at the Camp David presidential retreat in Maryland.
At a moment when public health officials have asked Americans to postpone nonessential travel to help stem the coronavirus, Trump is looking to rev the engines of Air Force One as he tries to prod a shell-shocked American electorate — reeling from the death and economic destruction wrought by the virus — to edge back to normal life.
But White House officials are also taking precautions to try to prevent Trump and Vice President Mike Pence from exposure to the virus. Honeywell workers who meet Trump on Tuesday — just like anyone else who comes in close proximity to the president and vice president — will be first required to take a rapid point-of-care test to determine if they're carrying the virus.
"When preparing for and carrying out any travel, the White House's operational teams work together to ensure plans to incorporate current CDC guidance and best practices for limiting COVID-19 exposure are followed to the greatest extent possible," White House spokesman Judd Deere said.
But Matt Bennett, who served as Vice President Al Gore's trip director, said he worries that Trump is putting his staff, military personnel, and local and state officials at unnecessary risk.
"I think there is a value of seeing our leaders out in the country and escaping the White House," said Bennett, executive vice president at the center-left think tank Third Way. "But it has to be balanced against the cost. The cost here could be the health and safety of a lot of people."
James McCann, a Purdue University political scientist who has studied presidential travel, said Trump early in his term traveled significantly less frequently on official presidential business compared to his four predecessors. But now that a big campaign rally is not possible, Trump is searching for a way to assert himself.
"Trump is itching to get into campaign mode," McCann said.
Marc Short, Pence's chief of staff, told reporters the vice president, who last week traveled to Indiana and Minnesota, has been debriefing the White House Military Office after each trip to discuss planning and protocols.
Typically, White House advance staff fly commercial airlines when traveling to scout a location before a presidential or vice presidential visit. But Short said staffers are now taking military aircraft. Ahead of Pence's trip to an Indiana plant where ventilators are being manufactured, advance staffers were not allowed to leave the military base where Air Force Two landed, Short said.
The Secret Service, which is tasked with protecting the president and his family, wouldn't get into the details of how it's altering operations but said it's following Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidance.
"Since the beginning of this pandemic, the Secret Service has been working with all of our public safety partners and the White House Medical Unit to ensure the safety and security of both our protected persons and our employees," said Justine Whelan, a spokeswoman for the agency.
In addition to the White House advance staff, which is tasked with plotting out the smallest details of the president's visit, the Secret Service sends its own advance team that maps out security for the visit. Officials from the White House communications office advance team are dispatched to set security telephone access for the president should he need it.
The president flies on Air Force One, military-operated aircraft, on all trips, regardless of whether it is White House business, political, or personal travel. The Defense Department also airlifts equipment such as armored limousines and occasionally helicopters for the president's travel.
The Military Working Dog Program and Explosive Ordnance Disposal Program are dispatched to support protection of the president. Typically, about a dozen members of the news media travel with the president on Air Force One at their organization's expense.
The president usually travels with a representative from the press office, the chief of staff's office, and the National Security Council, as well as a personal assistant. Other aides, like his economic advisers, a Cabinet secretary, or lawmakers, also may join depending on the nature of the visit.
Johanna Maska, who served as the White House director of press advance during the Obama administration, said it's important for administration officials to remember that everyone who travels or assists in the president's travel — from the closest aides to the volunteer van drivers who drive lower-rung aides from the airport — have families.
"There is a whole orbit around those people," Maska said. "I certainly hope that they are making the right decisions here."